on-going Post Mortem of ’84-Riots!
By Maxwell Pereira
were reactions galore, that erupted and exploded when the ATR
(Action Taken Report) of the Government on the Nanavati Commission
Report, was tabled in Parliament. Many violent and volatile, giving
rise to debates and discussions in the written and the visual
media, and some raising passions on a scale perhaps unexpected
by the powers that be. Leading to resignations of Jagdish Tytler
and Sajjan Kumar – literally writing their political obituary;
and an apology to the Sikh Community and the Nation by a gentleman
turmoil and the tide show little signs of letting the dust settle
– I frankly believe it never will. Even as the papers keep
popping occasional opinions and counter-opinions, my own thoughts
go back to November ’84. To that day when I almost strangled
the first journalist – I believe it was Pratap Chakravarty
then of Patriot – who strayed into Delhi’s north district
and into my path, just five days after the carnage had commenced.
were you guys all these days?” was the question I yelled
at him. “Where were you when I opened fire, killed people,
before people started killing Sikhs!?”
have held my silence in all these twenty-one years on this issue,
the only statement ever given by me being before the Ved Marwah
in-house police department fact-finding enquiry – then directed
by SS Jog, who replaced Subash Tandon as police Commissioner soon
after the riots. The main reason for my silence thereafter being
the inhibition expected of any decent being to be reticent about
blowing his own trumpet.
the fact that I deposed before no Government appointed Commission,
nor was I considered worthy to be summoned by any that enquired
into the Sikh riots down the period, tids and bits did appear
in the media – about some of us having done our duty as
expected. That when Delhi Police was in the dock facing Parliamentary
castigation for the carnage, it was the name of yours truly that
headed the list weakly presented to the powers that be, to help
bolster up an undefendable Delhi Police case in Parliament. This,
in an attempt to tell that Delhi police did act, that officers
did show initiative without waiting for orders from superiors!
is told there is proof to this effect in the record of Parliamentary
debates in the immediate aftermath of the ‘riots’,
and in Reports of some of the earlier Commissions, now also available
on the internet.
The journalist’s answer to my yellings was a candid “well,
nothing happened in the North – at least not in the scale
as things occurred elsewhere in Delhi”. The perception to
an extent correct, though factually and substantially wrong! Things
happened in North Delhi, but were controlled to a great extent,
by a handful of committed police officers and men who acted with
tremendous grit and a bit of courage, to justify the uniform they
wore. None of these who controlled the riots and saved lives of
Sikhs got any recognition for it though, nor were they rewarded
– as were perhaps some of our colleagues elsewhere; some
even with gallantry medals for what was perceived later through
allegations and accusations, as killing scared and paranoid Sikhs
who opened fire on the police in self defence.
of my bold quotes to journalists who then did follow up stories,
was “I did not see a person die, unless I killed him!”
For I firmly believed that no person (...read this as ‘no
Sikh’) had reason to die at any aggressor’s hand in
my presence. I was duty bound, invariably be required to intervene,
and would, to save the victim. Even if it meant killing the aggressor
by opening fire.
is another matter that strange things did happen! Just one here,
to sample: On 1st Nov morning, an unruly mob which had already
set fire to some Sikh establishments in Chandni Chowk was advancing
menacingly to set ablaze the holiest of Sikh shrines – the
Sis Ganj Gurudwara. I was constrained to open fire. The bullets
found their mark and I reported on wireless that I had opened
fire and killed! The silence that greeted my message was thunderous!
Not a soul or superior prepared to acknowledge the content of
my message, not even the control room ready to confirm receiving
it. No prize for guessing why! This boggling, reverberating and
ricocheting wireless ‘silence’ has remained forever
etched indelibly on my mind.
succeeding Commission enquiring into a matter previously looked
into, is expected to go through the earlier reports and findings!
So I suppose was the Nanavati Commission expected to do so. And
yet, Justice Nanavati did not deem it necessary to summon the
likes of me whose names did feature in the earlier Reports. Why?
Though in a different context, isn’t this the very argument
now being slapped in his face by Jagdish Tytler? That it was basic
for Nanavati to summon him to hear his side too, before indicting
is also some comment about police looking for an ‘ishara’
from the top, waiting for clear cut orders from a totally confused
and shell-shocked government and police leadership – and
paralysed into inaction or looking the other way when atrocities
took place before their eyes. I firmly believe that no policeman
needs orders from above to act correctly, timely, and as warranted,
in times of such need. Wherever the concerned policeman has dithered
and procrastinated, I believe he was guilty of dereliction of
duty, if not of actively conniving with the perpetrators.
words: 05.09.2005: Copy Right © Maxwell Pereira: 3725 Sec-23,
Gurgaon-122002. You can interact with the author at http://
www.maxwellperira.com and firstname.lastname@example.org
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