National Conference with SPs
National Conference of Superintendents of Police with Prime Minister
Man Mohan Singh is to be held on 1st September, 2005 in New Delhi.
The MHA website informs us so. About 400 District SPs from all
over the country are expected to participate. A couple of months
ago it was the District Magistrates that interacted with the PM.
The current welcome initiative is seen as a positive step in tune
with the Prime Minister's earlier announced steps to reform bureaucracy
and revamp the administration.
a run up to this conference, preparatory regional workshops have
been held at Hyderabad, Guwahati, Srinagar and Mumbai in June
and July. Eight core areas of policing were selected for deliberation.
Areas zeroed in on: (i) Improvement in the delivery in police
service to the people; (ii) Community participation; (iii) National
Security challenges (terrorism, militancy, organized crimes, etc.);
(iv) Criminal Justice Reforms; (v) Recruitment, Training and Human
Resource Development; (vi) Rural and village policing; (vii) Problems
of urban and metropolitan policing; and (viii) New Challenges
in the context of technological advancement and economic development.
was a healthy realisation that efficacy of a police organisation
is judged by its efficiency in the delivery of police service
to the people. Basic impediments of infrastructural and organizational
nature which come in the way were identified: like - lack of minimum
resources (accommodation, furniture, stationery, vehicles with
adequate POL for mobility, budget for feeding witnesses / suspects,
etc., in police stations; long working hours for the constabulary
and other cutting-edge level functionaries; undue reliance on
crime statistics in evaluating police performance, impeding free
registration of crime; and uncertainty of tenure for SHOs and
other key functionaries.
was felt, many duties in the existing archaic laws and police
manuals that fritter away considerable energy, time and other
resources, could be outsourced. Like process service and escort
of prisoners. This, in the hope of addressing to an extent the
problem of manpower shortage.
need to improve morale and motivation of the constabulary and
other cutting-edge levels, through evaluation of the efficacy
and effectiveness of existing welfare measures. And to establish
a credible, institutionalized mechanism to effectively deal with
bonafide public complaints against the police.
ignored, the need to evolve strategies to influence people's age-old
perceptions and attitudes (a hang-over of the colonial rule) -
to bring about greater public participation in policing. A number
of individual initiatives and noble experiments undertaken in
different parts of the country - existing or fallen in disuse,
to be evaluated for adoption in an institutionalised manner -
preferably with the back-up of a legal framework.
effect of the paradigm shift in warfare strategies of belligerent
nations, throwing up major national security challenges like organized
crime, terrorism, militancy, major acts of subversion and sabotage,
large-scale circulation of counterfeit currency, etc. The desirability
for listing some of the internal security related offences as
the Criminal Justice Reforms front, the System has inherent handicaps
resulting in most criminals going scot-free. This has caused serious
disillusionment among the public. There is need to examine the
processes of registration, investigation, prosecution of cases
and trial by judiciary.
need then, to induct the right kind of human material - the steps
in terms of recruitment, training and development, in the belief
that amiable, well-qualified, well-trained and motivated personnel
are a sin qua non for efficient policing.
is believed that much of the traditional policing system that
existed in villages has become defunct or dysfunctional. Likewise
the problems of urban and metropolitan policing - students, labour,
white collar; larger variety and higher complexity of unorganized
and organized crime; throwing up additional regulatory functions
like bandobast for public and social gatherings, political meetings,
sports events etc. And the resultant spontaneous explosion of
law and order situations calling for extremely quick response,
split-second decision-making ability, speedy action and direct
(not only supervisory) involvement of senior officers.
too the constantly emerging newer threats due to ever evolving
grades of explosives, suitcase nuclear weapons, disastrous weapons
of biological and chemical warfare, threats posed by cyber crime,
counterfeit currency, credit card frauds, availability of sophisticated
firearms - constant reminders of disastrous consequences of the
otherwise valuable scientific and technological advancements.
An admission here, of the utter lack of knowledge among police
personnel in these complex fields.
then the impact of economic development - though the harbinger
of prosperity on one side, simultaneously creating greater opportunities
for conventional crime, emergence of newer crimes including bank
frauds, investment and stock-market frauds, cheating by fly-by-night
companies, smuggling of drugs and other contraband, illicit trafficking
of humans (women and children) and human organs; video-piracy
and intellectual property related crimes, industrial espionage,
computer crimes, credit card crimes and so forth. Also, the growth
of social tensions leading to violence between the 'haves' and
the 'have-nots' - the need to appreciate the intricate dynamics
of social and economic development.
SPs, one is told, did deliberate to come up with practical, cost-effective
and implementable solutions - to be then projected before the
Prime Minister. A feedback from some of the participants indicated
though, that the regional workshops were more a platform for the
worthy moderators chosen from among the senior echelons of the
'has been's of yester-years, and not really an opportunity for
free and frank pulse tapping and assessment of current field operators.
There was also a marked difference in the views expressed by the
younger lot - the dynamic direct recruits in the IPS, and the
field-experienced more sagacious older lot promoted from the State
words: 30.08.2005: Copy Right © Maxwell Pereira: 3725 Sec-23,
Gurgaon-122002. You can interact with the author at http://
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